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  • Varna and Jati have played an important role in the social and political structure of India since ancient times.

  • Today, there are more than three thousand castes and sub-castes in India, and castes are related to Varna.

  • In India, Varna and Jati have been interrelated; from Vedic texts to Upanishads and other ancient texts, evidence of the varna system is found.

  • In the Vedic texts, it is written that it was based on labor and occupation.

  • Common occupation and social relations determine caste.

  • Varna divides society into four varnas:

  1. Brahma