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CLASS 12TH India's Foreign Policy

The Policy Of Non Alignment

  • Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose created Indian National army INA formed in 1942 during World war II.

  • This army connected India and overseas Indians during the freedom struggle.

  • During cold war India remain away from two blocks and adopted the policy of non alignment.

Nehru's Role

  • The first PM Jawaharlal Nehru played a crucial role in setting National agenda as he was his own foreign minister from 1946 to 1964.

  • The Three Objectives of Nehru's foreign policy were:

  1. To preserve the heart on sovereignty

  2. To protect territorial integrity

  3. To promote rapid economic development.

  • Nehru wished to achieve these objectives through the strategy of non alignment.

  • He was criticized for not adopting the policy of US by leaders like Dr Ambedkar.

Distance From Two Camps

  • The US led North Atlantic treaty organisation.

  • The Soviet led Warsaw pact came into existence.

  • India advocated non alignment as a ideal foreign policy approach.